Healthy financial position secured through extensive recapitalisation and cost reset
- Earnings per share were -0.01 euros (0.03)*.
- Revenue decreased by 86.8% to 102.0 million euros (774.9).
- Comparable operating result was -162.9 million euros (31.2). Operating result was -14.6 million euros (34.7). The difference is mainly explained by a one-off effect of 132.8 million euros related to changes in Finnair pension fund’s defined benefit plans.
- Net cash flow from operating activities was -178.6 million euros (120.1), and net cash flow from investing activities was 135.3 million euros (-185.7).**
- Number of passengers decreased by 92.1% to 0.3 million (3.5).
- Available seat kilometres (ASK) declined by 89.2%.
- Passenger load factor (PLF) was 29.2% (79.0).
- Earnings per share were -0.51 euros (0.09).
- Revenue decreased by 73.2% to 829.2 million euros (3,097.7).
- Comparable operating result was -595.3 million euros (162.8). Operating result was -464.5 million euros (160.0). The difference mainly relates to the changes in defined benefit plans.
- Cash funds were 823.7 million euros (952.7) and equity ratio was 24.6 per cent (24.9).
- Financial net expenses were 216.5 million euros (78.8) and they increased significantly, with c. 136 million euros of the increase related to jet fuel and foreign exchange hedging that was reclassified from other comprehensive income.
- Net cash flow from operating activities was -1,043.1 million euros (564.5), and net cash flow from investing activities was 351.6 million euros (-513.2).**
- Number of passengers decreased by 76.2% to 3.5 million (14.7).
- ASK declined by 72.6%.
- PLF was 63.0% (81.7).
- The Board of Directors proposes to the Annual General Meeting that no dividend be distributed for 2020.
* Unless otherwise stated, comparisons and figures in parentheses refer to the comparison period, i.e. the same period last year.
** In Q4, net cash flow from investing activities includes 57.3 million euros of redemptions in money market funds or other financial assets (maturity over three months). In 2020, the investments decreased in net terms by 439.9 million euros. They are part of the Group’s liquidity management.
Guidance issued on 28 October 2020:
Due to the continued strict travel restrictions, the comparable operating loss in Q4 will be of a similar magnitude as in Q2 and Q3.
As Finnair has announced today, certain amendments to the terms of Finnair’s pension fund have been approved and these and potential other similar changes are expected to have a significant positive one-off impact on Finnair's operating result in Q4. This impact is not included in the expected comparable operating result.
Based on the current assumptions, the revenue and capacity (measured in ASKs) will both decrease more than 70% in 2020 compared to 2019.
Finnair updates its outlook and guidance in connection with the financial statements bulletin for 2020.
New guidance on 18 February 2021:
Due to the continued strict travel restrictions, the comparable operating loss in Q1 2021 will be of a similar magnitude as in Q2, Q3 and Q4 2020.
In Q1 2021, Finnair continues to operate a limited network. As the visibility thereafter is weak and there are several scenarios of the timing of the recovery in demand, the company will not provide guidance on full year revenue.
Finnair will update its outlook and guidance in connection with the Q1 2021 interim report.
CEO Topi Manner:
The year 2020 will go down in history as the most difficult peacetime year in commercial aviation’s 100 years of existence. The COVID-19 pandemic has been first and foremost a human crisis and health crisis that has touched hundreds of millions of people. It has also been a severe crisis for aviation and for the tens of millions of people globally whose livelihoods depend on international travel, including us at Finnair. Yet in this uncharted territory we have built a path for ourselves through the pandemic. For that, I’m deeply grateful to the entire Finnair team. The commitment and resilience of our people during this year of challenges is a source of inspiration and hope.
Amid lockdowns and exceptional restrictions to travel across countries and continents, airlines suffered massive losses as passenger flows diminished. During the year, we carried 3.5 million passengers (14.7) and our revenue for the year shrank to 829.2 million euros (3,097.7); a drop of more than 70 per cent on both measures. Our result for the year was -523.2 million euros (74.5). Thanks to the rights issue of nearly the same size, our balance sheet and cash reserves remained at a healthy level. Our equity ratio was 24.6% (24.9) and our cash reserves amounted to 823.7 million euros at year end (952.7).
During the year, we focused on securing the continuation of operations and our long-term competitiveness in a post-pandemic market that will be different from what it was before the pandemic. Our financing measures were timely and comprehensive, and we secured approximately 1.8 billion euros of new financing, which included an oversubscribed rights issue of over 500 million euros. In addition, together with the State of Finland, we are preparing a hybrid loan of up to 400 million euros, which awaits EU approval. The support from the State of Finland and other shareholders has been critically important in this situation.
As the pandemic situation continued to be challenging in the latter part of the year, we operated a limited network of approximately 50 destinations with 75 daily flights. Cargo, supported by shortage of capacity and increased prices in the market, played a significant role in our revenue. During 2020, we operated over 1,300 cargo-only flights.
In 2020, we paid over 460 million euros in refunds to customers. Our health-related measures and flexible booking terms enabled travelling for those who needed to travel. Customers appreciated our actions and our net promoter score (NPS) rose to record heights during the year. In the last quarter, our NPS was 52. We are grateful for the trust and loyalty our customers have shown us.
We made overarching adjustments to our operations and processes during the year and reduced costs by over 1.5 billion euros compared to 2019. Of this, 30 per cent was fuel related. Almost all our personnel were furloughed for a part of the year and, unfortunately, furloughs continue for a large share of our personnel. Our savings programme, targeting a permanent reduction of 140 million euros of costs with full run-rate impact in 2022, proceeded well as we sought savings from all parts of our operations. With these decisions, the number of personnel at Finnair decreases altogether by 1,100 persons through reductions, ending of fixed-term contracts, retirements, and natural attrition. The job losses are saddening, but necessary. To support redundant employees find new jobs, we have collaborated with employment authorities and training organisations to build a comprehensive NEXT programme that has started with encouraging results.
During the pandemic year, our focus has been on social and economic aspects of sustainability, but we have not forgotten our environmental targets. Our long-term target to reach carbon neutrality remains intact, and we will pay special attention to reducing emissions, especially through fuel efficiency, as our traffic gradually starts to grow.
We expect travel to begin to recover from summer 2021 onwards as vaccination coverage increases and countries start lifting their travel restrictions. We intend to come out stronger and serve our customers even better when the market starts moving. We have enhanced the agility of our operations so that we can act fast when our customers are again ready to travel.
Dividend policy and the Board’s proposal for the distribution of profit
The aim of Finnair’s dividend policy is to pay, on average, at least one-third of the earnings per share as a dividend over an economic cycle. The aim is to take into account the company’s earnings trend and outlook, financial situation and capital needs in the distribution of dividends.
In 2020, earnings per share were -0.51 euros (0.09). Finnair Plc’s distributable equity amounted to 361,672,701.47 euros on 31 December 2020. The Board of Directors proposes to the Annual General Meeting that no dividend be distributed for 2020.
Financial reporting in 2021
The publication dates of Finnair’s financial reports in 2021 are the following:
- Interim Report for January–March 2021 on Tuesday 27 April 2021
- Half-year Report for January–June 2021 on Thursday 15 July 2021
- Interim Report for January–September 2021 on Tuesday 26 October 2021
This text is a summary of Finnair's Financial Statements Release 1 January–31 December 2020. The full report is available as an attachment to this report.
Board of Directors
Finnair will hold a results press conference (in Finnish) on 18 February 2021 at 11:00 a.m. via a live webcast: https://finnairgroup.videosync.fi/2021-0218-press
An English-language telephone conference and webcast will begin at 1:00 p.m. Finnish time. The conference may be attended by dialling your local access number +358 (0)9 8171 0310 (Finland), 08 5664 2651 (Sweden), 033 3300 0804 (UK) or +44 (0)33 3300 0804 (all other countries). The confirmation code is 26638231#. To join the live webcast, please register at: https://finnairgroup.videosync.fi/2020-q4